Verletzt Google Street View deutsche Datenschutzgesetze?

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Mär
1

Die Gutachten kommen zu unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen. Ein heute veröffentlichtes Gutachten des Karlsruher Zentrums für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass Google Street View "nur unter gewissen Einschränkungen zulässig" ist. Das vor knapp einer Woche von Google selbst in Auftrag gegebene Gutachten sieht die Situation völlig anders. Laut Google ist der Dienst für Deutschland juristisch einwandfrei.

Als juristischer Laie fällt es mir persönlich schwer die Details der beiden Gutachten gegeneinander abzuwägen. So habe ich mir in den letzten Tagen einmal selbst ein Bild von Google Street View gemacht.

Unterwegs an bekannten Orten

Von anderen europäischen Ländern sind bereits mehr oder weniger umfangreiche Daten in Street View verfügbar. Was liegt also näher sich Städte bzw. Orte herauszusuchen, die man bereits selbst einmal "in real live" bereist hat. Sowohl in Schweden, als auch in Spanien und Italien wurde ich fündig.

Es ist schon interessant, durch Street View noch einmal virtuell durch die Straßen zu laufen. Man dreht sich um, schaut nach oben und versucht durch Zoomen noch mehr Details zu erforschen. Wie sieht es inzwischen an diesen Orten aus? Zu welcher Zeit sind die Aufnahmen entstanden?

Neben diesen durchaus positiven Effekten, dass man sich wieder an den persönlichen Besuch der Orte zurückerinnert, kommen mir aber auch andere Gedanken? Was würden "Besucher" meiner Straße in Street View von meinem Zuhause denken? Genauso wie ich mir vorab einen Eindruck von der Gegend machen kann, die ich besuchen möchte / muss, kann das auch jeder andere tun.

Zwiespältiges Ergebnis

Das Bild allein muss nicht unbedingt negativ sein. Verknüpft mit anderen Informationen über mich / den Ort, kann man sich einen detailierteren Eindruck machen. Die Sorge von Ilse Aigner, dass diese Informationen mißbraucht werden können, kann ich durchaus teilen. Ob gesetzliche Verbote aber zum gewünschten Ziel führen wage ich immer noch zu bezweifeln.

Die Möglichkeit der Veröffentlichung seines eigenen Bildes bei Google zu wiedersprechen ist schon einmal ein erster Schritt. Allerdings werden wohl nur die wenigsten Betroffenen davon gebrauch machen oder davon erfahren. Evtl. könnte hier die Politik dafür sorgen, dass auch "normale Mitbürger" - nicht nur die digital natives - von dem Problem erfahren und entsprechend handeln können. Auch Hausbesitzer ohne Internet-Zugang sollten über das Problem informiert werden.

Evtl. trägt die derzeitige Diskussion ja zu einer intensiveren Berichterstattung auch in den lokalen / regionalen Zeitungen bei. So könnte man gerade die Betroffenen erreichen, die von dem Problem bisher noch nichts mitbekommen haben.

Ich bin gespannt, was auf der heute eröffneten CeBIT noch hierzu veröffentlicht wird. Google stellt die Vorstellung von Street View ja ins Zentrum seines Messeauftrittes.